As laws change regarding marijuana use, they present a host of ongoing human resource issues, especially for the construction industry. Attorney Trenton Cotney helps employers understand the issues surrounding the legalization of marijuana and its effects on the work place environment in his session, The Legalization of Marijuana and its Impact on the Construction Industry at METALCON, on Oct. 18 and 19, at the Las Vegas Convention Center.
Cotney of Trent Cotney, P.A. Construction Law Group specializes in roofing litigation and arbitration throughout the U.S. He will explore: What are the limitations of the use of marijuana? How do employers need to modify their human resource policies and manuals? How does the acceptance of medical marijuana cards relate to a drug-free workplace? Cotney answers these questions and more while helping employers create policies and procedures to address the various concerns.
“A recent surge of medical marijuana prescriptions and an increase in recreational usage has prompted a wealth of human resource issues,” says Cotney. “I receive calls daily from employers. For example, I’ll get a call from a roofing business looking to hire a skilled roofer who has a medical marijuana card, but the business is a declared drug-free workplace. Does the business give him an exemption?”
“Marijuana is still illegal on the federal level, so federal law does not require employers to accommodate a person’s medical marijuana use,” says Cotney. “However, a number of states have laws that may arguably be interpreted as requiring such an accommodation. In any event, usage is widespread in the construction industry, and there is already a shortage of skilled labor. It’s going to have an impact on the workforce.”
“Testing isn’t where it needs to be; it is sub-par,” he says. “An employee would have to challenge his employer if he wasn’t using marijuana at the time of testing, but he may have used a few days prior, over the weekend. He will still test positive, failing the drug test, and if he causes injury, it creates a whole host of issues. You either have to fire the person or run the risk of liability. You are going to have decisions to make.”
“The construction industry is vulnerable to safety challenges with the legalization of marijuana,” says Cotney. “Doing sheet metal work, roofing, operating heavy equipment, all present safety challenges for an individual with a medical marijuana card.”
“Employers need to add policy statements to their human resource manuals to continue to operate under this environment,” he says. “Ambiguity can create issues, including OSHA issues. As society changes, the law has to catch up to it, like during the prohibition years. There are state laws, federal laws and potential risks. Employers want to know: How do I quantify risk and eliminate it? How do I adjust and adapt to this new framework?”
“Then, there is the issue of having a drug-free workplace environment,” says Cotney. “Employers need to create policies to address it, requiring a separate section on marijuana, outlining testing, limitations of testing, random drug tests and implications.”
“Employers need to make policies more robust to deal with this new legislation,” he says. “You have to prepare yourself. For example, in Florida, if you maintain a drug-free workplace, you’ll receive a five percent discount on workers’ compensation. Are you prepared to give up that discount?”
Cotney will cover: here’s what’s happening, here are the issues, here are the potential solutions and everything in between.
“Any time you have new legislation, you are going to have these issues,” says Cotney. “You need to think about how to adapt and evolve; how to integrate and be forward thinking. I am here to protect the employer and educate the employees.”